Saturday, December 5, 2015

Limited Scleroderma Or CREST (part 2 of 2)

What Causes It?

Crest happens when the body’s immune system would attack itself instead of protecting it causing numerous damages to the affected area. While this is understood, the cause of scleroderma is not clearly understood however, there are some factors that could play a role these would include genes. A person with defective genes is said to be more susceptible to scleroderma or some would say that scleroderma can be inherited.

Environmental factors could also cause scleroderma as unwanted factors in the environment such as bacteria and viruses are possible causes of it. It could also be the female hormones, since females are four times more likely to develop the illness than men are. While these may attempt to solve the unknown cause of scleroderma, none of them are proven yet and these are still theories.

How Does This Develop?

While the first signs of limited scleroderma just happens to your skin, it may make everyday living more difficult for you. However, the real pain starts if the condition would spread inside you affecting other organs. Some complications that would involve scleroderma are gastro-intestinal problems of which will make it more difficult for you to process food into waste, digital ulcers which happen when blood flow is restricted to the fingers and toes that in turn would cause ulcer.

Scleroderma can also lead to lung problems if the lungs are affected and as well as the kidneys. If any of these two organs are affected, that in turn could also cause heart problems. Other problems that are results of scleroderma are dental problems, arthritis, sicca syndrome and depression or anxiety.

Limited Scleroderma Or CREST (part 1 of 2)

Scleroderma happens when the body’s immune system begins attacking its own tissues instead of protecting them. This causes the affected area to thicken that in turn would limit blood flow and limit the organ’s function. Scleroderma can affect everyone but the most affected are women that are between the ages 30 and 50. This rarely happens among Northern Asians and in children and is inherent in African-American women and the Native American Choctaw tribe.

There are two main forms of scleroderma. These are systemic sclerosis which would affect two or more areas and is the more fatal form and CREST or limited scleroderma. Although limited scleroderma can be disabling, it is not very likely that it can cause death unless the condition will progress into something worse. CREST usually affects the lower arms and legs, the face and the neck and tends to progress much slower than systemic sclerosis.

What Are The Symptoms Of Crest?

CREST is an acronym for its major symptoms. C in crest stands for calcinosis which is characterized by calcium deposits forming under the skin mainly on the knees, elbows and fingers. Another symptom is Raynaud’s phenomenon which is one of the most common symptoms of any form on sclerosis. This usually begins by color changes, numbness and pain in the fingers and is caused when blood flow is limited towards the fingers.

Another common symptom of CREST is esophageal dysfunction. People with limited scleroderma often experience problems with their esophagus which makes swallowing difficult for them. They could also experience thickening in various parts of the body particularly the fingers, legs, chest, arms and legs. This condition is known as sclerodactyly. The last symptom is telangiectasia which is a collection of blood vessels on the surface of the skin.

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

Different Types of Drugs that Can Cause Mood Swings (part 2 of 2)

Over-the-counter drugs that have amphetamine-like effects are frequently being abused by some users.  Because of its stimulant effects, it helps keep people awake and alert.  It can also suppress the appetite, making it the drug of choice of people who want to lose weight.

The problem is that amphetamines are also drugs that cause mood swings.  People who use them frequently exhibit insomnia, restlessness and irritability.  In some cases, it can even cause tremors.

LSD or lysergic acid diethylamide is a synthetic substance, a drug that was made popular in the 60s and 70s.  It is a hallucinogenic drug, capable of changing the user's perception of reality.  It is so strong that it can work even in very small doses.

Like most drugs, LSD can also lead to mood swings.  Although its initial effects are mainly producing hallucinations, it can create confusion and anxiety in users.

There are also other naturally-occurring drugs that function in similar ways to LSD.  Peyote, for example, contains mescaline, while certain types of mushrooms contain psilocybin.  These ingredients both produce hallucinations, which made them very popular for use by people practicing certain religious rituals.

Although both substances are quite effective, they are not as potent as LSD, which is 200 times more potent than psilocybin and around 4,000 times more powerful than mescaline.

Antidepressants are prescription drugs that change the levels of neurotransmitters in the body, including norepinephrine and serotonin.  Antidepressants include monoamine oxidase inhibitors, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors and tricyclics.  Although quite effective, these drugs do have side effects, including mood swings.

Different Types of Drugs that Can Cause Mood Swings (part 1 of 2)

Drugs, particularly recreational ones, have a nasty reputation for causing mood swings and hallucinations.  Most of the drugs that are popular among users and addicts today are especially prized or formulated for their specific effects.  Unfortunately, these very same effects could also become uncontrolled, creating unpleasant physical, mental and emotional stress.  Often, these emotions can be either extremely positive or extremely negative.  Depending on the amount of drugs that enters the body and the person's own physiological reactions to it, mood swings can be prolonged and intense.

Drugs that can cause mood swings
There are several types of drugs that lead to mood swings.  These are:

Cocaine was a drug that soared in popularity in the 80s and 90s.  It is a known stimulant that may be dissolved and taken through an IV, although it is commonly inhaled.  Cocaine, like its derivative crack, produces a feeling of intense euphoria, which makes it very popular with users.  It can quickly stimulate the central nervous system, increasing energy and confidence and reducing inhibition.

The problem with cocaine is that once the initial effects wear off, the negative effects begin.  This is then replaced by depression, guilt, anxiety and nervousness, exactly the opposite of the emotions it produces initially.

Inhalants frequently come in the form of adhesives such as glues, gasoline, aerosol propellants, spray paints and cleaning liquids.  Although safe in small quantities and if used as indicated, inhalants may be abused.

Inhalants produce a 'high' but this is only temporary.  Unless a new 'hit' is taken, the user could begin to suffer from negative emotions, leading to mood swings.

Amphetamines were the drug of choice for nearly two decades starting in the 1950s.  It was actually a prescription drug, used to treat mild depression, fatigue and obesity.  The only problem is that amphetamines can lead to addiction, which has now severely limited its use today.